Met Office report: London could face hotter summers and more winter flooding by the end of the century

Met Office report: London could face hotter summers and more winter flooding by the end of the century

Large parts of Somerset at risk of being underwater as Met Office predicts up to 1m rise in sea level in Bristol Channel

Met office warns more winter rain, storm surges and high tides will raise the risk of flooding in low lying and coastal areas

Britain could see more wildfires and water shortages than ever before with temperatures predicted to rocket over the next 20 years.

A study found that the UKs summer months could heat up 9°F (5°C) on average by 2070, a jump that would drastically alter Britains climate, scientists warn.

The record-breaking heatwave conditions experienced across Britain this summer could become the norm if steps arent taken to tackle global warming, they say.

Winters will also see a temperature rise of around 7°F (4°C), the UK Climate Projections 2018 report will say later today.

The record-breaking heatwave conditions experienced across the globe this summer could become the norm if steps arent taken to tackle global warming. The red patches denote areas in which temperatures were up to 39F higher than is normal for that time of the year

At a speech launching the report at Londons Science Museum today, Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, will call for urgent action to tackle the warming climate.

It is clear that the planet and its weather patterns are changing before our eyes. We know, more than ever before, the urgency of acting, Mr Gove is expected to say.

These projections will give us an invaluable tool to assess the nature and scale of the challenge we face and take decisions accordingly.

The more we know, the greater our ability to shape events for the better – but also the heavier the responsibility to act.

It is only by heeding scientific warnings more keenly than ever before that we can safeguard our planet and our species survival.

The Environment Secretary is also expected to lay out how the government will tackle excessive consumption of water.

Britain experienced its driest summer since 1961 earlier this year. Pictured: Tourists on Bournemouth beach in July

Britain is already investing a record £2.6 billion ($3.3 billion) to protect 300,000 homes from flooding by 2021.

Campaigners warned that devastating floods that hit Leeds and York in 2015, as well as wildfires on Saddleworth Moor in Manchester this summer, showed that the impacts of climate change can already be seen in the UK.

They said projects to expand airports and build more roads show the government is not doing enough to limit global warming.

Emi Murphy, climate change campaigner at Friends of the Earth, said: The human cost of climate change, both in England and around the world, is already devastating.

At a speech launching the report at Londons Science Museum today, Michael Gove, the Environment Secretary, will call for urgent action to tackle the warming climate (file photo)

Its the most vulnerable communities paying the highest price, while the UK government fails to commit to the policies needed to avoid climate chaos.

The Climate Change Act was a truly remarkable political achievement that has driven cuts in UK emissions.

But dire warnings from scientists demonstrate how further and faster action is essential to prevent complete climate breakdown.

Instead, with its relentless pursuit of fracking, airport expansion, and road building, our government is failing us on climate change. 

There are several leading theories as to what may be causing the recent global heatwave, according to University of Reading climate scientist Professor Len Shaffrey.

1. Climate Change: Temperatures are increasing globally due to the burning of fossil fuels increasing concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The global rise in temperatures means that heatwaves are becoming more extreme. The past few years have seen some record-breaking temperatures in Europe, for example the 2015 heatwave and the 2017 Lucifer heatwave in Central Europe. Unusually warm summer temperatures have been recorded elsewhere, for example in Canada and Japan, and climate change is very likely to have played a role here as well.

2. North Atlantic Ocean Temperatures: Temperatures over the North Atlantic Ocean can play a role in setting the position of the jet stream, which in turn has a profound impact on the weather we experience in the UK and Ireland. This summer has seen relatively warm North Atlantic Ocean temperatures in the subtropics and cold ocean temperatures to the south of Greenland. These are thought to be influencing the high pressure over Europe and pushing the jet stream further northwards.

3. La Nina: Every few years, ocean temperatures in the Tropical Pacific swing between being relatively warm (known as El Nino) and cool (La Nina). Since October last year the Tropical Pacific has been in a La Nina phase. La Nina is sometimes associated with cold winters in North Western Europe (for example the winter of 2010/11 and the recent cold spell in March 2018). However, this years La Nina had started to weaken around April and had almost gone by June when the current dry spell in the UK began.

4. Its the weather: The above factors influence type of the weather get in the UK and Ireland but good or bad luck also plays a role, especially for very unusual weather such as the current hot and dry spell. This summer is no different and the hot and dry weather is partly due a combination of North Atlantic Ocean temperatures, climate change and the weather. Should weather patterns continue as they are then we might expect this summer will turn out to be as hot and dry as the extreme summer of 1976. 

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