Emergency services raced to the scene near the Aldi store following reports of an assault at around 5.15pm.
Officers remain at the scene with Gilmerton Road closed between Moredunvale Road and Ellens Glen Road.
A Police Scotland spokesman said: At 5.15pm on Sunday 14 April 2019 police in Edinburgh responded to a report of a person having been assaulted on Gilmerton Road. The person has been taken to Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
Officers remain in attendance and road closures are in place on Gilmerton Road between Moredunvale Road and Ellens Glen Road.
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